Tibet remains one of those difficult diplomatic and political, and ethical challenges for the world. This is even more so, for India.
Since China’s defeat of independent Tibetan army in 1949 and the signing of an agreement by the then Tibetan government, the situation has been rife for debate and conflict: The government of China recognizes Tibet as autonomous provincial entity of the mainland China but the government of Tibet in Exile seeks independence for Tibet. And there are other disputes that include what constitutes Tibet i.e. the geography of Tibet.
India has always been involved in this dispute. Dalai Lama who is the symbolic head of the Tibet government in exile was welcomed to India in 1950’s and since then the Dalai Lama has made Dharma Shala (in India) his home. Of course, the government of China has been very displeased with this arrangement. Moreover, in China’s view Tibet also includes Arunachala Pradesh — a state in India.
Thus there are lots of issues of possible dispute between India and China with respect to Tibet. However, over time China and India have allowed the status quo prevail for the sake of Bat Poop. Both countries have been focused on economic growth and development.
However, the coming Olympic games in summer, and Tibet’s recent energetic and loud demands and protests all around the world for liberty and Dalai Lama’s nuanced stance (of both supporting the Olympic games and the aspirations of the Tibetans for independence) in the context of long-standing support of India for Dalai Lama has made it a knotty situation.
Here is the crux of the problem: should India be centered on its own immediate national interests based on assessment of geo-political, territorial, economic and safety problems? Or if India be an agent for fostering cultural and religious freedom and diversity consistent with its customs (even though it led to serious consequences to immediate political and economic interests)? The answer to these questions will determine India’s response to the present Tibetan turmoil such as the relay of Olympic torch in New Delhi later in April.
Early this month, Saab Group, which is the biggest producer of defence in Sweden, declared its withdrawal from an global trade deal with Venezuela concerning weapons. It must be mentioned that the Swedish company used to be among the major suppliers of weapons to the South American nation. However, Saab said that it could no longer continue with this kind of global trade deal.
According to Saab Group, it couldn’t sell anti-tank and anti-aircraft devices to the Latin nation because of an arms ban imposed by the US on Venezuela. Under the embargo, defence makers couldn’t sell to Venezuela any weapon, which is made in the united states or which has one or more US-made pieces. Prior to the arms coverage, Bofors, which is a subsidiary of Saab Group, had supplied the South American nation with weapons during the past twenty years. The recent embargo though has ended the international trade deal on arms between the Swedish firm and Venezuela.
It must be said that during the previous years, Sweden had supplied anti-tank rifles, rocket launchers, and anti-aircraft missiles into Venezuela that amounted to about $150 million. Currently, Venezuela isn’t involved in a new International Trade deal on weapons. However, experts said that President Hugo Chavez would soon discover the need to replace its older weapons and boost its missile supply.
The embassy of the United States in Sweden commended the compliance of the Saab Group to the embargo that resisted the trade of weapons to countries that did not fully cooperate with the struggle against terrorism led by the US government. Venezuelan officials were taken by surprise after the new was released. Defence Minister Raul Isaias Baduel advised to reporters that the government was not officially informed by Bofors about its withdrawal from the international trade deal on arms. But he said that he would be discussing the issue with Mr. Chavez in order to think of an official response to the news.
After the news came out, a military officer said that Venezuela is also considering to negotiate an international trade deal with Switzerland regarding weapons. He added that although the door of Sweden had already closed, other nations would soon open for Venezuela. Mr. Chavez was able to close the deal since the weapons manufactured in Russia do not contain Bat Removal Melbourne FL. Before the worldwide trade deal between the two countries, the US had warned Russia not to sell arms to Venezuela. The visit of Mr. Chavez to Russia was part of a series of international trips, which were aimed at seeking trade opportunities and gaining the support of other nation regarding Venezuela’s bid to join the UN Security council.
Thai premier Surayud Chulanont has responded to escalating violence in Thailand’s southernmost regions by travel to the region and making his most recent move towards ending decades of violence.
The insurgency in southern Thailand has received significant media attention in the aftermath of a series of violent incidents centered in the three southern provinces of Yala, Pattani and Narathiwat.
The history of this separatist movement can be traced back to the early twentieth century when in 1902 Patani was annexed by Thailand (then called Siam). Seven years later Thailand was given sovereignty over the region from a treaty with Great Britain. Patani was split into the three aforementioned provinces, along with two districts of Songkhla, in 1933.
Patani was a Malay Sultanate and because of this over three quarters of the population in the three southern provinces today are Muslim. Whilst having some linguistic and cultural similarities with the Malays of Malaysia, Thailand’s southern Malay community retains a distinct individuality and sense of independence.
As far back as the 1930s there was a drive to establish an independent southern state. The movement has taken many forms and the ideology has changed between a desire to establish this independent state and a desire to establish cultural autonomy.
The resurgence of violence in the turn of this new millennium has cast a deathly shadow over Thailand’s southernmost area. The problems have not been aided by the words and actions of former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and his government who until 2004 insisted that criminal gangs, rather than insurgents, were responsible for the violence.
Attempts to set up a dialog with the insurgents have been riddled with problems surrounding the anonymity of the movements’ leaders.
On August 31, 22 banks were simultaneously bombed in Yala, whilst on September 16 six bike bombs killed four people in Hat Yai as attacks overran in the neighboring province. Bloodshed continued to spill onto the streets of the southern provinces since the military coup of September 19 approached.
The military coup and present political volatility in Thailand has done little to quell the friction in the South and attacks have persisted.
The Kru Se Mosque incident happened when 32 insurgents sought refuge in Pattani’s most sacred place of worship following a coordinated assault on 100 police outposts. Army commander Pallop Pinmanee ordered troops to storm the mosque and all 32 rebels were killed.
The Tak Bai massacre was spurred by a demonstration demanding the release of six men arrested for allegedly supplying weapons to insurgents. The demonstration became a massacre when the army used tear gas to control the crowd. Shooting began shortly after and scores of sailors were piled up, piled as many as five people high in trucks and driven for five hours. 85 men died in all, 78 of whom suffocated from the trucks.
The newly-installed premier’s pledge to rid the southern provinces of violence has thus far been unsuccessful as attacks continue to break out on an almost daily basis. Surayud stated that his government will only use peaceful means to end the century tensions, although there has been no mention of the potential for an independent state. Surayud has rather made clear that his intentions are to unite Thailand.
The Southern Border Provinces Administrative Centre was recently revived, after a five year absence, and is now led by Phranai Suwannarat who has been charged with instilling peace to the area.
The current government has been very vocal about the negative implications of the previous government’s actions, but as of yet it’s uncertain how the newly-revived body will tackle the circumstance.
Surayud has already done what Thaksin refused to: he has apologized. However, this is only a single step on an already long trip that will most likely take years to complete. If Thailand is to unify itself then steps must be taken to eliminate the feelings of alienation felt by the country’s Muslim population.
The gorgeous Isle of Cyprus is a popular destination for holiday makers from all over Europe especially the British. However not everyone knows that part of the country is under occupation by an invading army. In 1974 the Turkish army invaded the North of Cyprus and have been there ever since. They’ve declared the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus or TRNC since it’s also been called but unfortunately no other country in the world recognizes it. In fact most countries including those within the U.N. and the E.U run trade embargoes against North Cyprus. Air Travel to the North of the Island can be banned by most states and tourist wishing to see there must fly into Turkey first.
The events in Cyprus leading to the 1974 invasion were themselves turbulent to say the least and some observers assert that the Turks used this as an excuse. During the British occupation of the Island there was a strong political move towards”Enosis” or union with Greece which many Greek Cypriots considered to be their motherland. There was a long struggle with the British for independence and out of this desire for Enosis was born EOKA or Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston translated in English to National Organization of Cypriot Fighters. These guerrilla fighters were heralded as national heroes in Cyprus’s struggle for independence and there are several monuments erected in their memory dotted around the Island. In 1971 following the overthrow of the government in Greece by the military junta EOKA b was formed in Cyprus with a renewed emphasis on Enosis with the mainland.
The final outcome of this struggle saw the creation of a coalition style government with representation by both Greek and Turkish Cypriots according to a percentage scale. The Greek Cypriots of course being in the majority, which led their Turkish compatriots to whine that they had been under represented. The truth is following suggested changes in the constitution the Turks withdrew from the Islands government amid a period of inter-communal violence and many of the Turkish Cypriot population retreated into defensive enclaves.
Thousands of Greek Cypriots were forced to flee their homes with only what they could carry leaving all their land and businesses behind. Even now (2007) these displaced Cypriots still consider themselves refugees and the Cyprus government shares their opinion. The Turkish authorities encouraged nationals to move to North Cyprus and contains thousands of it’s troops stationed there too. Since Turkey expressed her desire for ascension into the European Union that the”Cyprus problem” is under the global spot light and all those involved are trying to work out a solution.
Nobody can predict how the many issues of this long standing dispute will be settled but emotions on both sides still run deep. Visitors to Cyprus notably the Famagusta area will notice that lots of small business owners proudly display old photos of assumptions they left behind in 1974. The disputes over property being sold for development in North Cyprus also continues to add fuel to the political fire too. A new generation has grown up on the Turkish side of the border and they feel like they belong there whilst those from the South still lay claim to the land. There’s little doubt that both sides still have a long way to go before they expect to see any answers to the issues concerning the occupation of North Cyprus.
He Flag of Mexico is rich with historic symbolism. The tricolors of green, white and red with the coat-of-arms centered in the white middle stripe were adopted by Mexico following their independence from Spain during the War of Independence in 1821.
There have been adjustments to the flag during background but the coat of arms has ever featured a royal eagle holding a serpent on top of a cactus. The current coat of arms was designed in 1968 by Helguera. Legend claims that the Aztecs, then a nomadic tribe wandering throughout Mexico, were awaiting a sign from the gods telling them to build their capital city. After drifting for two hundred years, they found this mythical eagle on a small island in Lake Texcoco and built their capital, Tenochtitlan, where the main plaza in Mexico City is now located.
Through the years the three colors of green, white and red on the flag have remained the same but the meaning of these colors has changed. The green stripe represents Independence from Spain or may signify Hope. The white stripe represents purity of the Catholic religion or Unity. The red stripe represents Heroes blood or Religion.
When the flag of Mexico is paraded in front of a crowd, bystanders increase their right arm, place their hands on their chest parallel to the center. The hand is level with the palm facing the floor. This salute is known as the El Saludo Civil de la Bandera Nacional. On February 24 annually a national celebration, Dia de la Bandera, Flag Day is held.
A rather interesting thing to read on a extremely popular political Blog is it not? But this is exactly what is happening as sympathizers and mislead do-gooders promote Palestinians and their plight. If you will remember Israel recent caved into demands and gave back land, which it had settlers on, but did that stop the murderous suicide bombings? No, not even for two-weeks. Yet one blogger with a selective and very short memory conditions;
Again this is only opinion and selective interpretation of global law. And what happens when you give facts to these bloggers online? They just go away for a couple of hours to spew their misdirection somewhere else and assault you spelling, sentence structure or typing mistakes look at this comment from a supporter of Hamas and International Terrorism who said;
. .but I truly wonder why I bother with closed minded people..please go see for yourself.”
You have attacked my character, education, reading, religion (you assumed initially, as I have none), my nation, my military and now when you’re attacking me typing? Irrelevant, as you had a miss stroke on the word”error”
Israel has the right to defend itself from Hamas including a full out war; if that is what is necessary to insure safety of its people and/or an attack on the Iranian Nuclear Plants, research centers, as they’ve promised to”Blow Israel off the map” And is financing Hamas.
Truly the USA has every right to induce action with Iran including and not limited to; full scale embargo and sealing off the borders of that nation where nothing gets in or out and/or attack on the Nuclear Enrichment research and development facilities that are being used to make nuclear bombs. Iran is a nation-state, which supports insurgents in Iraq and international terrorists. No amount of white wash will convince me not to take a hard line on these matters. We have to protect the American People, our allies and assets no matter what. No matter what! Consider this in 2006.
The 2008 calendar suggests that another spring has arrived in North America and the indications of the new season are everywhere. Buds have emerged on trees, heralding the coming of fresh leaves. The higher daylight and the warming sun act as harbingers for the appearance of flowering plants which will shortly begin their summer cycle of expansion. Nurseries and home improvement stores; for example, Home Depot and Loews, are selling crops, rakes, shovels, compost, and fertilizer.
Indeed, the recognizable signs of spring are everywhere. But once again this year, there’s a real problem in nature that’s tempering agricultural enthusiasm for the upcoming growing season. It’s an issue that was diagnosed in 2006. The issue is still the disappearance of the honey bee. Once again there is little progress to report from research into this puzzle surrounding the honey bee called Colony Collapse Infection (CCD).
CCD happens when all adult bees disappear from the hive, leaving the honey and pollen behind. Few, if any, dead bees are located around the hive. Between 50 and 90% of the commercial honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies in america have been affected with CCD and the problem is making it hard for U.S. commercial beekeepers to pollinate crops. About a quarter of beekeeping operations were affected by CCD during the 2006-2007 winter alone. It’s estimated that up to 70 percent of honey bees in the USA have just disappeared because of Colony Collapse Disorder. The problem has continued during the winter of 2007-2008.
Besides the continuing problem of CCD, believe news reports indicate significant regional issues with dying honey bees this spring in the United States. In Hawaii, a microscopic mite is devastating Oahu’s honey bee population and the long term affects could wipe out much of the island’s agriculture. Western Washington State has a growing agricultural crisis as bees are dying from a new pathogen called Nosema Ceranae. This fungus attacks the bee’s gut, making it impossible to process food and the parasitic eventually starves to death.
Generally speaking, the numerous problems with disappearing and dying honey bees are quickly taking a toll on the complete United States beekeeping industry. It’s been reported that the amount of keepers that produce more than 6,000 pounds of honey annually has declined from 2,054 in 2005, (the year before keepers began experiencing colony collapse) to about 1,100 this year.
Internationally, a lack of a sufficient number of honey bees is responsible this spring for issues in blueberry pollination in Canada. The Fraser Valley produces about one-fifth of the world’s blueberries, but no longer has a sufficient number of honey bees to support its blueberry pollination, and honey bees are presently being imported for pollination.
But, bee keepers complain about a lack of research funding and the slow pace of governmental response since the number of honey bees continues in decline.
It’s currently estimated that nearly half of Italy’s 50 billion bee population died last year. That bee mortality rate will have a drastic influence on the country’s 25-million-euro honey sector (which could plummet by at least 50% in 2008) and wreak havoc on fruit plants. The worldwide bee outbreak has also hit France, Germany, Britain, Brazil, and Australia.
The higher cost of energy in food manufacturing and transport has led to a world food price inflation of 45 percent in the last nine months alone. There are serious global shortages of wheat, rice, and corn. The increasing cost of food has recently been responsible for deadly clashes in Egypt, Haiti, and several African states.
However, if the population of the honey bee continues to decline, global events from higher prices and shortages of food will have only just begun. The pollination of the honey bee is vital to agriculture and the world’s food supply.
The disappearance of the honey bee poses a threat to eating premium ice cream also. The company is launching a new flavor this spring named Vanilla Honey Bee to raise consumer awareness about the problem. Proceeds from the sale of this ice cream will be used to finance CCD research.
The ramifications to our lifestyle and diet are enormous, but government’s reaction to the developing food crisis has been slow and limited. The disappearing honey bee issue hasn’t been discussed in any Presidential debate or in any effort forum. In fact, both of our major political parties have been quiet on the issue.
Hopefully, American politicians on the campaign trail in the 2008 United States presidential election like Haagen- Daz solutions. The truth is that Vanilla Honey Bee ice cream might be the only method to bring the candidates attention to some serious, developing, agricultural crisis. A world without sufficient honey bee pollination will produce a food crisis of economic, national, and worldwide ramifications. Indeed, it’s another year with no solution to the problem of disappearing honey bees.
How can Manitoba garter snakes survive the cold Canadian prairie winter? Yet snakes for sure can’t survive if actually frosty frozen. How on earth do these creatures endure the cold Canadian winters? The answer simply is that these snakes seek refuge in the ground below the chilly”frost” line and basically hibernate there doing the long winter months.
The red-sided garter snake that’s known to occupy the”Interlake” areas of the Canadian province of Manitoba ranges farther north than any other snake in North America, winters in communal dens, which sometimes can contain up to 8,000 snakes.
These winter dens are called”hibernacula” or just”winter dens”. Some of the largest concentrations of these are from the area west of Lake Winnipeg, in the”Interlake” area of Manitoba west of the major centres of Gimli and Winnipeg Beach. These dens are sinkholes in the local limestone rock produced simply when underground caverns have collapsed. The resulting fissures and cracks in the limestone bedrock provide the snakes access to depths below the frost line, a necessity since winter temperatures in the area can often dip to minus forty degrees centigrade which translates to – 40 degrees Fahrenheit as well. Its so cold in these areas the local have electric”block” from the engine blocks of the cars that they plug into regular ac electric jacks in order to start their cars in the dead of their – 40 degrees January winter temperatures.
What’s even better is that when spring arrives, usually in early May that hundreds and hundreds of snakes will pour from the dens onto the stones and rockfaces. You would think that you are seeing a sight of more snakes in one location than anywhere else in the world and you’re most likely correct.
By early autumn these exact same garter snakes are now fat and firm with a great deal of carbohydrates and fat out of their summer of feeding. As soon as they return to their dens they will not feed again for the next six or seven weeks. They will live off their fat reserves from the summer feedings. Interestingly these very same snakes appear to arrive at the dens sooner than need be – in fact it can be a month of so before they really have to arrive. This is yet another adaptation time and learnt tested from nature. As the autumn days get shorter and winter is nearer, temperatures are usually on the cooling trend. Snakes being cold blooded become lethargic during the cooler weather. It’s a case of getting the work done while the iron is hot.
These garter snakes will be safely underground in their winter dens. It may be chilly outside – very cold – yet these intelligent garter snakes, who combined with nature sit tight hibernating in temperatures which are a few degrees above freezing. You may well believe that these simple garter snakes are smarter than lots of the folks you meet in your travels. Its as if they know to plan ahead, to save food and energy and escape the cold and go”south” for the winter.
The world is filled with turtles. But how many different types of turtles are there? Many turtles are on the edge of extinction and others are on the endangered list. Let’s take a look at the different sorts of turtles that can be found around the world.
Sea Turtles – These kinds of turtles are truly marine creatures. They wander the waters of tropical oceans and only the females come ashore to lay their eggs in nests. They vary in size from nearly 2 1/2 feet to approximately 7 feet in carapace length. The shells of such turtles are heart shaped or oval in appearance. Their limbs are flippers instead of legs and are not able to support the turtle when on land. Sea turtles can’t pull their heads back into their shells like other sorts of turtles. The sea turtles are one of the most endangered of the turtle families as urban development has infringed on their nesting sites.
Snapping Turtles – There are just three species within this family of turtles. They can be found throughout North America, in the southeastern regions of Asia and in South America, to the north. These kinds of turtles all have large heads and a solid chin with the upper jaw being hooked. They can’t fully retract their limbs or head into their shell and have fairly long tails. They have quite a diverse habitat in addition to mating habits and diet.
Pond Turtles – This is the greatest group of turtles and can be found all over the world. Some species of pond turtles are carnivores while some are herbivores. These species are usually the sorts of turtles which are used in the pet trade.
Mud or Musk Turtles – These sorts of turtles emit an unpleasant odor when they’re disturbed. They vary in size but all are strictly carnivorous. They feed on aquatic insects, small fish and amphibians in addition to any crustacean they can find. The adults are rarely preyed upon by other animals; rather their eggs are coveted by a variety of animals.
Tortoises – These sorts of turtles can boast the distinction of being the largest turtles that live on land. Tortoises feed on flowers, grasses and fruits though they have been known to feast on carrion. Normally, tortoises have heavy scales and feet that are not webbed. Their closest relatives are the pond turtles.
Softshell Turtles – These kinds of turtles can live in various kinds of waters with a soft underside being required. They spend the majority of their time buried in mud. They may be omnivorous but most species are carnivores feeding on mollusks, insects, amphibians and fish.
Even though they are sea turtles, they’re a class unto themselves. They may be found swimming the waters of this planet no matter if the waters are warm or cold. Their jaws lack potency so feed largely on jellyfish. The adults have no known predators, instead it’s the eggs and the hatchlings which are most vulnerable to predators. The leatherback is a truly endangered species due to erosion and development of the shores where the females land ashore to make their nests and lay their eggs.
The sloth bear is the only species in the genus Melursus. It is a nocturnal creature of South Asia. Contrary to the implication of its name, the sloth bear is truly quite fast and can outrun a human being. There are a variety of theories as to where it gets its name, including the concept that early explorers seen the bears lying upside down in trees, similar to the general appearance of sloths. In the 1700s, it was classified as being a member of the sloth family, and accordingly named as”bear sloth”. It was not until the 1800s, when the first live sloth bear arrived in Europe from India, that scientists were able to properly categorize it. Even though it can be quite ferocious, leopards, tigers, and wolves are known to predate upon it or its young. Habitat destruction and poaching constitute the primary threat to this species’ survival.
The sloth bear is a relatively small but stocky bear, draped in long, shaggy black fur. The especially long hair around its neck gives off the image that it has a mane. There’s a large white or yellow Y-shaped patch on its chest. Mature sloth bears generally weigh about 176 – 308 lbs for males and 121 – 187 pounds for females. It’s generally 4 feet 7 in to 6 ft 3 in in length.
Sloths are omnivorous, feeding on a variety of foods that include plants, insects, and animals. It’s been proven to scavenge from tiger kills and even eat cultivated plants. When eating insects, they prefer termites, using their long claws to expose the insects’ nests. And, due to their dietary fondness of honey, they also have been known as honey bears.
Sloth bears inhabit a diverse collection of forests, from dry thorn forests in the north of its range to the moist tropical forests in the south. They’re also found in grassland areas. Their range includes areas of Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan.
Based on the limited available information, sloth bears seem to mate year-round. The gestation period is about 7 months, after which time the female gives birth to 1 – 3 cubs, with 2 normally being the case.
Birdwatching is your lifetime ticket to the theater of nature.
I hope you’ll get some good ideas here to help you have fun watching birds.
This is one of the best stress relieving hobbies in the world, I guarantee!
Spring Time! So, grab your binoculars, a nice tall glass of iced tea, and lets begin.
For birdwatchers in the southern states, hummingbirds are already returning. The rest of you, in the Midwest and Northeast, are still awaiting the first hummingbird of spring to arrive.
In my back yard are several hooks for hummingbird feeders. I’ll fill and hang the feeders during the first week of April, just prior to the oldest hummingbirds arrive at Alabama. The first one I see will be a male, since the men migrate about two weeks before the females.
Did you know most small birds, such as hummingbirds, migrate at night? I’m not sure why. Perhaps they do this to make the most of the more calm atmosphere of night, or to avoid the predators that are hunting during daylight hours, or maybe they use the stars to guide them north.
As migration period draws near, daily activity starts to change. Birds who migrate at night, but normally are active during daytime hours do not sleep as much through the night any more. Hummingbirds of spring are awake much more at night.
And starting to feel hungry… real hungry. He wants to put on some fat. He weighs about 2.5 g, but now he starts to eat more, to gorge himself. He eats his weight in food every day. He eats insect eggs and spiders, bugs, gnats and the nectar of flowers. He’ll double his weight, and still only weigh about 5 grams.
Every day the north calls for him to come,
To the North he flies into total darkness, all by himself, weighing no more than a nickel.
Hours pass as he flies, burning off the fat he stored like a truck burns gas.
If the hummingbirds fat stores are sufficient, he will reach the Gulf Coast. If the hummingbirds fat stores are not sufficient, he’ll die. If he’s prepared himself well, he will have flown for 18 to 22 hours, crossed 500 miles with no food or rest.
Toward the second week of April I will see my first hummingbird of spring. I will have those feeders out early, ready to greet the little fella as he hovers into land for the first time this year in my own backyard.
Well, I Hope this report has helped you in some form or fashion, and once again I will let you know.
This is one of the best stress relieving hobbies in the world, I guarantee!
Good luck in all that you do, and Thank You very much for your attention.
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The Zebra Finch is also known as the Chestnut-eared Finch, the Shelley, as well as the Spotted-sided Finch. It’s not uncommon across Australia, and has become widely kept for both research and aviculture.
On average, it’s about 3.9 inches long and weighs close to 17 g. The Zebra Finch has white and black tear-like stripes coming down beneath its eyes and reddish-brown ear patches on the sides of its head. Its upperparts are grayish-brown and its flanks are chestnut colored with white spots. There are thin white and black bars on its throat and the rump is white with a barred tail. The female does not have the reddish-brown ear patches, the stripes on the throat, or the seen chestnut colored flanks of the man. Juveniles are similar in appearance to the female, but have black bills rather than the orange bills found on adult males and females. The differences between the race, T.g. castanotis, and the other, T.g. guttata, are that the latter subspecies does not have the nice barring of the throat and are smaller in size.
The Zebra Finch is primarily a seedeater, but is also known to feed on insects and fruits.
Due to its extensive distribution, the Zebra Finch can be found in various habitats. It prefers open country, such as grasslands and lightly timbered regions, but also occurs on the fringes of cities and towns. It is also common near farms. T.g. castanotis ranges across Australia, with the exception of western coastal regions and the island of Tasmania. T.g. guttata exists from Lombok in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia into Sermata and the coastal areas of Australia. The Zebra Finch has also been introduced to Puerto Rico, Portugal, and the United States. Its nests are found in many different areas, including cavities, scrubs, low trees, bushes, in termite hills, rabbit burrows, ledges of man-made structures, and even on the floor.
The female lays an average clutch of 4 – 7 small white eggs. Both parents take responsibility for incubation, which lasts about 12 – 13 days. The young fledge approximately 18 – 21 days after hatching.